SOURCE: Wikipedia, 2020-10-17
This page last modified: 2020-10-17 12:34:04 -0700 (PST)
This article is a stub [additional content pending ...].
[ ... snip ... ]
[SMH.com (Sydney Morning Herald, Australia), 2020-03-01] Nike, Apple among dozens of major brands implicated in report on forced labour. | reddit
Nike, Apple and a major manufacturer building trains in Australia are among the dozens of global brands implicated in a new report on forced labour in China, amid growing international concern over the treatment of the Uighur people. The report, by the US State Department-funded Australian Strategic Policy Institute, alleges some factories that supply the brands appear to be using Uighur workers sent directly from re-education camps. The Chinese government maintains the camps, which it describes as vocational education facilities, are needed to combat terrorism in the Xinjiang region and to "ensure its smooth economic transition." It has dismissed claims that up to a million members of the Uighur Muslim minority have been detained in the camps as "fake news."
The ASPI report estimated that 80,000 Uighurs have since been transferred into factories across China under the "Xinjiang Aid" program after graduating from the re-education camps. "Local Chinese governments and private brokers are paid a price per head for workers on the labour assignments," ASPI found. The report by ASPI researcher Vicky Xiuzhong Xu, a Chinese-born former journalist who has been highly critical of the Chinese Communist Party, found most of the workers transferred to one of the factories are Uighur women from Hotan and Kashgar prefectures.
The report alleged up to 600 are employed at the Qingdao Taekwang Shoes factory. "At the factory, the Uighur labourers make Nike shoes during the day," the report said. "In the evening, they attend a night school where they study Mandarin, sing the Chinese national anthem and receive vocational training and patriotic education. The curriculum closely mirrors that of Xinjiang's re-education camps. "In such circumstances, it is unlikely that their work arrangements are voluntary."
The Washington Post corroborated the claims on Sunday. The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age have not been able to independently verify the allegations before deadline. The research found up to 560 Xinjiang workers were transferred to work in factories in central Henan province, including to Foxconn Technology, a Taiwanese company among the largest contract electronics manufacturers in the world. Foxconn has supplied brands including Amazon, Apple, Dell, Google, Huawei and Microsoft.
ASPI said from April 2017 to June 2018, 2048 Uighur workers were taken from Hotan Prefecture in Xinjiang to 15 factories in Anhui Province, including to Huafu Top Dyed Melange Yarn Co. Ltd. The factory supplies cotton and coloured fibres to Adidas, Abercrombie & Fitch, Lacoste, Puma, Zara and H&M. Another "Xinjiang Aid" factory, the Haoyuanpeng Clothing Manufacturing Co, advertises strategic partnerships with Fila, German sportswear companies Adidas and Puma, and Nike.
Adidas told ASPI the company does not have an active relationship with the factory and that they will investigate the use of the Adidas signage.
A Nike spokesman told The Washington Post that "we respect human rights in our extended value chain, and always strive to conduct business ethically and responsibly."
Apple said it would work with suppliers to ensure its standards are upheld.
The ASPI report noted Chinese state media claims that participation in labour transfer programs is voluntary, and Chinese officials have denied any commercial use of forced labour from Xinjiang. "However, Uighur workers who have been able to leave China and speak out describe the constant fear of being sent back to a detention camp in Xinjiang or even a traditional prison while working at the factories," the report said. Foreign Affairs Minister Marise Payne has repeatedly called for China to cease "the arbitrary detention of Uighurs and other groups." The Chinese embassy in Canberra was contacted for comment.
[WashingtonPost.com, 2020-02-29] China compels Uighurs to work in shoe factory that supplies Nike. | reddit
The workers in standard-issue blue jackets stitch and glue and press together about 8 million pairs of Nikes each year at Qingdao Taekwang Shoes Co., a Nike supplier for more than 30 years and one of the American brand's largest factories. They churn out pair after pair of Shox, with their springy shock absorbers in the heels, and the signature Air Max, plus seven other lines of sports shoes. But hundreds of these workers did not choose to be here: They are ethnic Uighurs from China's western Xinjiang region, sent here by local authorities in groups of 50 to toil far from home. ...
... Asked about Uighur workers in the factory, Nike said that "we respect human rights in our extended value chain, and always strive to conduct business ethically and responsibly." "We are committed to upholding international labor standards globally," said Nike spokeswoman Sandra Carreon-John, adding that its suppliers are "strictly prohibited from using any type of prison, forced, bonded or indentured labor." Kim Jae-min, chief executive of Taekwang, the factory's South Korean parent company, said about 600 Uighurs were among 7,100 workers at the plant. Nike's manufacturing map shows that the factory has 4,095 employees, of whom 3,445 are "line workers." "The purpose of bringing in migrant Xinjiang workers (in addition to other migrant Han Chinese workers) is to offset the local labor shortage, due to increasing number of competing industries for workers in our area," Kim said in a statement. ...
... Communist Party officials in Laixi have posted photos of the Uighur workers studying in the Taekwang factory's Pomegranate Seeds school, and sitting in rows waving Chinese flags. Security at the factory is tight. Factory administrators told a Post reporter this was a Nike requirement -- Nike inspectors were visiting that day -- but locals said it was also to monitor the Uighur workers. "Some would say they use national-level security standards," one of the street vendors said. "They keep a detailed account of the workers' entries and exits, and they have to obey a strict schedule, coming to work or leaving the compound only at specific hours." ...
Return to BuriedTruth.com