The National Right to Work Committee is a 501(c)(4) nonprofit organization that works for legislation against what it calls "compulsory unionism," when employment is contingent upon joining a labor union.
According to the NRTWC website, the organization has three specific objectives:
Working to secure roll-call votes on and, at the soonest possible time, enact legislation to repeal the federal labor law provisions that authorize the firing of workers who refuse to pay union-boss tribute and prevent the forced unionization of additional public employees and farm workers.
Safeguarding Section 14(b) of the Taft-Hartley Act (that section of the national labor law which reaffirms the right of states to have Right to Work laws).
Helping state organizations to promote, enact and protect state Right to Work laws.
NRTWC lobbying is largely responsible for a number of proposed pieces of legislation in the House and Senate. The most recent instance was the Jan. 28, 2015, introduction of HR 612, the National Right-to-Work Act. The proposed legislation reads: "Amends the National Labor Relations Act and the Railway Labor Act to repeal those provisions that permit employers, pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement that is a union security agreement, to require employees to join a union as a condition of employment (including provisions permitting railroad carriers to require, pursuant to such an agreement, payroll deduction of union dues or fees as a condition of employment)."
The Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, better known as the Taft-Hartley Act, is a United States federal law that restricts the activities and power of labor unions. It was enacted by the 80th United States Congress over the veto of President Harry S. Truman, becoming law on June 23, 1947.
Taft-Hartley was introduced in the aftermath of a major strike wave in 1945 and 1946. Though it was enacted by the Republican-controlled 80th Congress, the law received significant support from congressional Democrats, many of whom joined with their Republican colleagues in voting to override Truman's veto. The act continued to generate opposition after Truman left office, but it remains in effect.
The Taft-Hartley Act amended the 1935 National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), prohibiting unions from engaging in several "unfair labor practices." Among the practices prohibited by the act are jurisdictional strikes, wildcat strikes, solidarity or political strikes, secondary boycotts, secondary and mass picketing, closed shops, and monetary donations by unions to federal political campaigns. The NLRA also allowed states to pass right-to-work laws banning union shops. Enacted during the early stages of the Cold War, the law required union officers to sign non-communist affidavits with the government.
See main article: National Right to Work Legal Defense Foundation
NRTWC is related to the National Right to Work Legal Defense Foundation, a nonprofit group that "provides free legal aid to employees suffering from compulsory unionism abuse." The Legal Defense Foundation does not engage in legislative activities. Rather, it attempts to sway public labor policy through the legal system. The Legal Defense Foundation's website lists a number of United States Supreme Court cases that the organization has worked on, including the following:
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